1533   Her most excellente Royal Highness, Our goode Majesty Elizabeth Tudor - Queene Bess, the virgin Queene is borne to Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. She is the laste English monarch to be of fulle English bloode. She doth be loved by oure people like none before and none after.
1536    Michaelangelo beginneth his painting of the Laste Judgement in the Sistine Chapel.
Ill weede groweth fast.
Every cocke is proud on his owne dunghill.
Better is halfe a lofe than no bread.
Children and fooles cannot lye.
Love, and a cough cannot be hid.
A dwarf, on a giant's shoulder, sees further of the two.
He that lies with the dogs, riseth with fleas.
The buyer needs a hundred eyes, the seller not one.
One sword keeps another in the sheath.
He that lends, gives.
The mouse that hath but one hole is quickly taken.
Hang Sorrow! Care'll kill a cat.
As he brews, so shall he drink.
Is it not strange that desire should so many years outlive performance?
1539   DeSoto leaveth Spain to search for the fabulous Fountaine of Youth, which, then as now, doth be rumoured to be in the lande of Florida. Here he wandereth for many yeares.
1543   In Polande, in the yeare of his death, one Nikolai Copernicus publisheth his booke "De Revolutionibus". Thys treatise of observation and mathematics expoundeth the theorie that the Sunne and not oure Earth be the centere of oure celestial systeme.
Golde all is not, that doth golden seeme.
But of all burdens, that a man can beare, most is, a fooles talke to beare and to heare.
To kerke the narre, from God more farre, has bene an old sayd sawe; and he that strives to touch the starre, oft stombles at a strawe.
1485   Our usurping King, Richard III doth fight for his life on Bosworth fielde. His immortal wordes "A horse, a horse, my kingdom for a horse." do goe unanswered and his kingdom is lost indeede. The victor is oure goode Lord Henry Tudor, Earle of Richmond, grandfather of Elizabeth. Henry were of Lancaster bloode and his wife, goode Elizabeth, of York. His coronation as Henry VII endeth the Wars of Roses and beginneth the Tudor dynastie; and he adopteth the combined red and white rose for the house of Tudor.
There is nothynge that more dyspleaseth God, than from theyr children to spare the rod.
1497   Oure King Henry VII sendeth one John Cabot to fynd a Northern route across the Atlantic. Cabot discovereth Newfoundland and exploreth the New world's east coaste from Labrador to Delaware, thereby sowing the first seedes of English Imperialism.
O it is excellente to have a giant's strength; but it is tyrannous to use it like a giant.
Silence is the perfectest herald of joy; I were but little happy, if I could say how much.
Fashion wears out more apparel than the man.
Remuneration! O! that's the Latin word for three farthings.
A jest's prosperity lies in the ear of him that hears it, never in the tongue of him that makes it.
1582   The Gregorian calandar doth be promulgated in Catholic countries by Pope Gregory. He causeth October 15 of this yeare to be the daye following October 4. This correcteth errors which had accumulated with the Julian calandar since the tyme of Julius Caesar.
1596   Sir John Harrington inventeth the flush toilet, thus wresting for his owne fyrst name a peculiar place in the English language.
It hurteth not the toung to give faire words.
He must needes goe whom the devill doth drive.
Three may keepe counsayle, if two be away.
A fooles bolt is soone shot.
1519   Charles V of Spaine sendeth one Hernando Cortez to the New Worlde to conquer Montezuma and the infydel Aztecs.
This goode Queen hath caused more than an hundrede grammer schooles to bee openned in England for the benefyt of her people.
The Pope hath excommunicated oure Queene and hath forbydden Englishmen to "obey her monitions, mandates and laws".
Elizabeth doth love to dance and hunt. She drinketh nor eateth not to excesse. She spitteth whene're she pleaseth; and doth be well knowne to sware like a pirate upon God's teeth, His hooks, and bodkin, and upon other common parts of His anatomie. Her dresse be riche and varied, and she were knowne to possess some more than 2000 richly made and costlie gownes.
An ambassador is an honest man sent to lie abroad for the commonwealth.
1527   Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, sacketh the city of Rome, and his armie holdeth the Pope in virtual captivitie. Charles suggesteth to the Pope that he not annul the marriage of Charles' barren aunte Catherine of Aragon to oure desperat King Henry VIII. Though annulments be not that uncommon, the captive Pope taketh this forceful suggestion into carefull consideration, as it were; resulting in Henry rejecting the Pope and stearting the Churche of England.
Treason doth never prosper; what's the reason? Why if it prosper, none dare call it treason.
The Englishwoman taketh much pride in her presentation and spendeth much tyme and monies upon her appearance. Heavy makeup and whiteface do be quite populare.
It is sayd that "A Spanish Galleon be sooner rigged than an English woman." "She spendeth a good part of the day tricking and trimming, pricking and prinning, pranking and pouncing, girding and lacing, and braving herselfe up inn moste exquisite manner."
Englishmen do favor brighte coloured clothing, with lace and frille. Fashiones, lyke those inn moste of Europe, do emulate the fashiones of Spaine.
When the steede is stolne, shut the stable durre.
When all candles bee out, all cats be gray.
1564   William Shakespeare were borne at Stratford on Avon.
1565   Our Captain John Hawkins and his goode nephew Francis Drake, transporting a treasure of £120,000, do be robbed off the coaste of America by a Spanishe Fleet.
Inn her cunning politic, oure Queene doth be slow to actione. She waiteth allways for her opponent to move, and move againne. Her personal motto doth be: Video et Taceo, "I see and I am silente."
She is said by foryne emmisaries to be the "ablest liar of the age".
The Spanish ambassador sayeth "This woman is possessed with a hundrede thousand divils, yet she pretendeth to me that she woulde like to be a nun, live in a cell, & tell her beads from morning unto nighte."
Pope Sixtus V himselfe hath said of her "She would be worth a whole worlde if she were not a heretic."
The French ambassador hath complained that she answereth not the marriage proposal of King Francis. He sayth "The world were made in 6 days and already she has spent 80 days and it is yet undecided." To him she hath replied "The world were made by a far greater artiste than myselfe."
It is said that she recommendeth a woman to be "as a lady at courte, and a whore i' the bedroom."
Yeare by yeare, her reign doth strengthen England and English folk; turning this Isle from a poore and unrespected state to a greate lande at the thresholde of empire. Were it not for her greatness, England shoulde certainly remain in historie a smalle and insignificant natione, watching the alle-powerfull Spaine rule the seas, colonize the entyre new worlde, and establish thereby the moste powerful empire since the falle of Rome.
It had need to be a wylie mouse that should breed in the cat's eare.
Hee must have a long spoone, shall eat with the devill.
Idleness is an appendix to nobility.
Reputation is an idle and most false imposition; oft got without merit, and lost without deserving.
1565   In this yeare does our goode Captain Hawkins bringe to England the fyrst Tobacco, an Indian weed.
Tobacco, divine, rare, superexcellent tobacco, which goes far beyond all the panaceas, potable gold and philosopher's stones, a sovereign remedy to all diseases.
1553   "The Merchant Adventurers", the fyrst companie financed through the sale of stock shares, doth be started in England for trading wyth Russia. 240 shares are solde at £125 eache.
1562   Queene Elizabeth contracteth smallpox & thereby looseth her hair. She beginneth to weare wigs and thusly doth set a newe fashion for women to weare wigs, which some do say shall endure far into the future.
There is a tide in the affairs of men, which taken at the flood, leads on to fortune; omitted, all the voyage of their life is bound in shallows and in miseries.
The chariest maid is prodigal enough if she unmask her beauty to the moon.
There is nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes it so.
Conscience does make cowards of us all.
I want that glib and oily art, to speak and purpose not.
Have more than thou showest, speak less than thou knowest.
1571   The greate naval battle of Lepanto stoppeth the unstoppable Moorish Empire of the Easte. The heroic Christian fleet doth be led by Don Juan, bastard brother to King Phillip II of Spaine. Had thys key battle gonne the other waye the historie of Western Europe would likely have been wrytten in Arabic.
1577   Francis Drake with four small ships doth sail secretly to the west coaste of the Americas. Upon arrival he plundereth the unsuspecting treasure ships of Spaine. The Pope had given to Spaine thys territorie, and had forbid commerce here to other Europeans. For thys, the Spanish treasure shipps on America's west coaste were mostly unarmed and unafraide. Drake returneth to England, circumnavigating the globe, with £600,000. Of this he giveth £275,000 to our goode Queene. Thereupon she accepteth an invitation to dine with him upon the Golden Hinde, his shippe. She knighteth him and then calleth him "Sir Francis Drake, the greatest seaman and pirate of the age".
1585   Sir Walter Raleigh foundeth an English colony in the new worlde, naming it Virginia in honor of Elizabeth, oure virgin queene.
1587   The fyrst life insurance policy doth be wrytten this yeare.
1587   Pope Sixtus V plegeth to Phillip of Spaine £600,000 if Spaine wille invade England soe that Protestantism may be destroyed and Catholicism restored in this lande.
1587   Sir Francis Drake, in his own words, "singeth the bearde of the King of Spain." Phillip hath been building warships and amassing supplies for a greate armada to attack England. Our goode Drake saileth to Cadiz harbor and set to torche fulle 65 Spanish shipps of war. By his goodly hande much provision layed up by Spaine is also loste. It doth be proclaimed in the Spanish courte that "except that he be a Lutheran, there be not another man in the worlde as lyke Drake".
1588   The Spanish Armada saileth for England. The greatest armada in naval historie doth be destroyed by English sailors and pirates. Spaine's controll of the seas is loste. The Pope refuseth to pay Spaine his £600,000 share of the adventure, for quoth he: England were not truely "invaded".
Stricke up your drums for joye;
The noblest Queene that ever was seene
In England doth Raigne this daye."